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Castro to Writers and Artists: "Against the Revolution, No Rights at All"



(p. A13) Ricardo Porro, an architect who gave lyrical expression to a hopeful young Cuban revolution in the early 1960s before he himself fell victim to its ideological hardening, died on Thursday [December 25, 2014] in Paris, where he had spent nearly half a century in exile.


. . .


Mr. Porro's two schools have voluptuous brick domes and vaults, built by hand in the Catalan style reminiscent of Antoni Gaudí, that are almost bodily in their gentle embrace. Supporting them, and contrasting with their soft curves, are angular columns and buttresses that speak of the shattering force of revolution.


. . .


Before the schools were completed, however, artistic expression was stifled as Cuba moved into the Soviet orbit. Mr. Castro had famously answered his own rhetorical question in 1961 about the rights of writers and artists: "Within the revolution, everything. Against the revolution, no rights at all."

Almost overnight, the art schools' distinctive style was officially anathema. "You realize that you've been accused of something," Mr. Porro recalled in "Unfinished Spaces," a 2011 documentary directed by Alysa Nahmias and Benjamin Murray. "And then you realize that you have been judged. And then you realize you are guilty. And nobody tells you."



For the full obituary, see:

DAVID W. DUNLAP. "Ricardo Porro, 89, Exiled Cuban Architect." The New York Times (Tues., DEC. 30, 2014): A13.

(Note: ellipses, and bracketed date, are added.)

(Note: the online version of the obituary has the date DEC. 29, 2014, and has the title "Ricardo Porro, Exiled Cuban Architect, Dies at 89.")






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