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Science Fiction Creates "False Sense of Conflict between Humans and Machines"



(p. R4) "I think the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race," astrophysicist Stephen Hawking told the BBC. Tesla founder Elon Musk called AI "our biggest existential threat." Former Microsoft Chief Executive Bill Gates has voiced his agreement.


. . .


Taking part in the discussion [is] . . .; Guruduth S. Banavar, vice president of cognitive computing at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center; . . .


. . .


WSJ: Does AI pose a threat to humanity?

MR. BANAVAR: Fueled by science-fiction novels and movies, popular treatment of this topic far too often has created a false sense of conflict between humans and machines. "Intelligent machines" tend to be great at tasks that humans are not so good at, such as sifting through vast data. Conversely, machines are pretty bad at things that humans are excellent at, such as common-sense reasoning, asking brilliant questions and thinking out of the box. The combination of human and machine, which we consider the foundation of cognitive computing, is truly revolutionizing how we solve complex problems in every field.


. . .


(p. R5) WSJ: Some experts believe that AI is already taking jobs away from people. Do you agree?


. . .


MR. BANAVAR: From time immemorial, we have built tools to help us do things we can't do. Each generation of tools has made us rethink the nature and types of jobs. Productivity goes up, professions are redefined, new professions are created and some professions become obsolete. Cognitive systems, which can enhance and scale the capabilities of our minds, have the potential to be even more transformative.

The key question will be how to build institutions to quickly train professionals to exploit cognitive systems as their assistants. Once learned, these skills will make every individual a better professional, and this will set a new bar for the nature of expertise.



For the full interview, see:

TED GREENWALD, interviewer. "Does Artificial Intelligence Pose a Threat?" The Wall Street Journal (Mon., May 11, 2015): R4-R5.

(Note: ellipses, and bracketed word, added; bold in original online version.)

(Note: the online version of the interview has the date May 10, 2015.)







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