Does Montessori Nurture Creativity?
Ironically, the Montessori educational approach might be the surest route to joining the creative elite, which are so overrepresented by the school's alumni that one might suspect a Montessori Mafia: Google's founders Larry Page and Sergei Brin, Amazon's Jeff Bezos, videogame pioneer Will Wright, and Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales, not to mention Julia Child and rapper Sean "P.Diddy" Combs.
Is there something going on here? Is there something about the Montessori approach that nurtures creativity and inventiveness that we can all learn from?
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The Montessori Mafia showed up in an extensive, six-year study about the way creative business executives think. Professors Jeffrey Dyer of Brigham Young University and Hal Gregersen of globe-spanning business school INSEAD surveyed over 3,000 executives and interviewed 500 people who had either started innovative companies or invented new products.
"A number of the innovative entrepreneurs also went to Montessori schools, where they learned to follow their curiosity," Mr. Gregersen said. "To paraphrase the famous Apple ad campaign, innovators not only learned early on to think different, they act different (and even talk different)."
When Barbara Walters, who interviewed Google founders Messrs. Page and Brin in 2004, asked if having parents who were college professors was a major factor behind their success, they instead credited their early Montessori education. "We both went to Montessori school," Mr. Page said, "and I think it was part of that training of not following rules and orders, and being self-motivated, questioning what's going on in the world, doing things a little bit differently."
Will Wright, inventor of bestselling "The Sims" videogame series, heaps similar praise. "Montessori taught me the joy of discovery," Mr. Wright said, "It's all about learning on your terms, rather than a teacher explaining stuff to you. SimCity comes right out of Montessori..."
Meanwhile, according to Jeff Bezos's mother, young Jeff would get so engrossed in his activities as a Montessori preschooler that his teachers would literally have to pick him up out of his chair to go to the next task. "I've always felt that there's a certain kind of important pioneering that goes on from an inventor like Thomas Edison," Mr. Bezos has said, and that discovery mentality is precisely the environment that Montessori seeks to create.
Neuroscience author Jonah Lehrer cites a 2006 study published in Science that compared the educational achievement performance of low-income Milwaukee children who attended Montessori schools versus children who attended a variety of other preschools, as determined by a lottery.
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The reference for the Science article mentioned above is: